Top 14 Best and Famous Historical buildings in Pakistan

Published on Nov 16, 2023 by


The nations must respect their past to save it. There are many historical buildings in Pakistan. You may have seen the national landmarks in Pakistan. These landmarks of Pakistan are principally limited to the renowned structures which relate to the pioneers or occasion that occurred during allotment. There are likewise numerous different structures that are having the superb contributions of their own.


The Bab-e-Pakistan is a national landmark in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan, which is being based on one of the significant Muslim refugee camps, which worked in the repercussions of independence of Pakistan.

This acclaimed authentic building was proposed in 1985, by the late Governor Ghulam Jilani Khan, and was affirmed promptly by President Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. The historical building is structured by a Lahore-based modeler Amjad Mukhtar. He is an alumnus from the National College of Arts, Lahore.

The structure has a zone of 117 sections of land and will contain a remembrance square, library, park, exhibition hall, assembly room, and craftsmanship display. The task encountered some trouble initially due to the flimsy political circumstance following the passing of President Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq in 1988.

A subsequent endeavor was made in 1991 with the help of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, but again the task was stalled. The third endeavor has been during the organization of President Pervez Musharraf.

Lahore Fort

The Lahore Fort is a citadel in the city of Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. The stronghold is situated at the northern end of walled city Lahore and spreads over a territory more prominent than 20 hectares. It contains 21 famous landmarks, some of which date to the period of Emperor Akbar.

The Lahore Fort is renowned for being a rule revamped in the seventeenth century when the Mughal Empire was at the height of its wonder and most celebrated authentic excellence. Even though the Lahore Fort site has been occupied for millennia, the first record of an invigorated structure at the location concerned and eleventh-century mud-block fort.

The establishments of this historical Lahore Fort date to 1566 during the rule of Emperor Akbar. He presented the fortress with a syncretic engineering style that included both Islamic and Hindu motifs. Additions from the Shah Jahan period are portrayed by lavish marble with decorated Persian floral designs.

At the same time, the post’s amazing and notable Alamgiri Gate was built by the remainder of the incomparable Mughal Emperors, Aurangzeb, and appears in the renowned Badshahi Mosque.

You may also like to read: Famous Places To Visit In Quetta

Quaid-e-Azam Residency

Quaid-e-Azam Residency, likewise known as Ziarat Residency, is found in Balochistan, Pakistan. Quaid-e-Azam, Muhammad Ali Jinnah spent the last two months and ten days of his life, breastfed by A. S. Nathaniel. It is the most famous historical building of the city, developed in 1892 during the British Raj.

This famous structure is a wooden structure, initially planned as a sanatorium before being changed over into the late spring habitation of the operator of the Governor-General. It is proclaimed a legacy site and is of extraordinary engineering significance.

The remaking work finished by prestigious developer Nayyer Ali Dada and the restored Ziarat Residency opened on 14 August 2014 by then Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. The correct structure Building is presently open for all to visit.

Tomb of Allama Muhammad Iqbal

The Tomb of Allama Muhammad Iqbal additionally called Mazaar-e-Iqbal. It is a famous historical spot to visit. It is situated inside the Hazuri Bagh, in the Pakistani city of Lahore, capital of Punjab province. Iqbal was one of the significant motivations behind the Pakistan Movement and is respected in Pakistan as Mufakkir-e-Pakistan (The Thinker of Pakistan) or Shair-e-Mashriq (The Poet of the East).

Iqbal died on 21 April 1938 in Lahore at the age of 60. A great many guests go to the tomb consistently to offer their appreciation to the artist-philosopher. It is said that Mustafa Kemal Atatürk sent earth gathered from Maulana Rumi’s tomb to be sprinkled on this grave. The engineering has a mix of styles anyway it reflects mostly the Mughal style.

The structure is developed of red sandstone, brought from Jaipur, British India, and building marble from Makrana, Rajputana. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, development was influenced because of the fare limitations of red stone from India. Six couplets of a ghazal are cut from Iqbal’s poetical work Zabur-e-Ajam (Persian Psalms) on the tomb’s inside surfaces.

Outside, there is a little nursery, circulated into small plots. The tomb was planned by Hyderabad Deccan’s Chief Architect, Nawab Zain Yar Jang Bahadur, and took thirteen years to work at the expense of around one hundred thousand (Rs. 100,000) Pakistani rupees.

Sheesh Mahal

The Sheesh Mahal is situated inside the Shah Burj block in the northern-western corner of Lahore Fort. It was built under the rule of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in 1631–32. The ornate white marble pavilion is decorated with pietra dura and complex mirror-work of the best quality.

The lobby was saved for individual use by the imperial family and close aides. It is among the 21 landmarks that were worked by progressive Mughal heads inside Lahore Fort, and structures the “gem in the Fort’s crown.” As part of the more significant Lahore Fort Complex, it has been engraved as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1981.

The Sheesh Mahal was worked by Emperor Shah Jahan. It worked in Jahangir’s standard. The façade, consisting of five cusped marble arches supported by coupled columns, opens into the courtyard. The engrailed spandrels and bases are decorated with precious stones.

The structure is as a semi-octagon, and comprises lofts roofed with gilded cupolas and unpredictably designed with pietra dura and convex glass and mirror mosaic with a considerable number of little mirrors. At night they light candles on this historical building of Pakistan.

Frere Hall

Frere Hall is a structure in Karachi, Pakistan, that dates from the early British pilgrim era in Sindh. Finished in 1865, Frere Hall was initially expected to fill in as Karachi’s town hall and now fills in as a show space and library. Frere Hall is situated in focal Karachi’s frontier era Saddar Town, in the Civil Lines neighborhood home to several consulates.

The Hall is located between Abdullah Haroon Road (in the past Victoria Road) and Fatima Jinnah Road (earlier Bonus Road). It lies adjoining the provincial era Sind Club. Frere Hall was worked in the Venetian-Gothic style that likewise mixes components of British architecture with neighborhood building components.

The structure includes different pointed curves, ribbed vaults, quatrefoils, and flying supports. Cutting on the dividers and wonderfully explained mosaic plans are obvious on various dividers and columns.

Noor Mahal

The Noor Mahal is a Pakistan Army-claimed castle in Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan. It was worked in 1872 like an Italian chateau on neoclassical lines when innovation had set in. It had a place with the Nawabs of Bahawalpur princely state during British Raj.

There are different stories regarding their development. As indicated by one legend, Nawab Adnan Abbasi IV had the royal residence made for his better half; in any case, she was uniquely there for one night.

She happened to see the abutting burial ground from her gallery, and wouldn’t go through one more night there. Thus, it stayed unused during his reign. Noor Mehal is one of the shrouded pearls of Bahawalpur, because of the absence of exposure. The castle is available to open.

It is now in the ownership of the Pakistan Army and is utilized as a state visitor house for holding state durbars and gatherings with outside appointments. There are a lot of old things present in it. It incorporates numerous Nawabs’ pre-owned elements.

There are multiple old swords, old cash notes and coins, old laws made in that time, an old piano that Nawabs used to play, old furniture utilized by Nawabs, and so forth. There is likewise a long divider in it that contains nonexistent pictures of Nawabs. Just one painting is genuine, and all others are nonexistent. There is also a jail cell aside from the Mahal.

Baltit Fort

Baltit Fort is a historical spot in the Hunza valley, close to the town of Karimabad, in the Gilgit-Baltistan region of northern Pakistan. Established in the eighth CE, it has been on the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative rundown since 2004.

In the past, the endurance of the old system of Hunza was guaranteed by the great fortification, which overlooks Karimabad. The establishments of the fortress go back to 700 years prior, with remakes and adjustments throughout the hundreds of years.

In the sixteenth century, the nearby ruler wedded a princess from Baltistan who brought master Balti artisans to remodel the structure as a feature of her dowry. The Mirs of Hunza abandoned the fortress in 1945 and moved to another royal residence down the slope.

The stronghold began to rot, which caused worry that it may perhaps fall into ruin. Following a study by the Royal Geographical Society of London, a reclamation program was started and bolstered by the Aga Khan Trust for Culture Historic Cities Support Program. The plan was finished in 1996, and the post is presently a historical center run by the Baltit Heritage Trust.

Read also: Famous Masjid (Mosques) In Pakistan

Shah Jahan Mosque / Masjid

The Shah Jahan Mosque, otherwise called the Jamia Masjid of Thatta, is a seventeenth-century fabricating building that fills in as the central mosque for the city of Thatta, in the Pakistani province of Sindh. The mosque is considered to have the most intricate, famous historical building in South Asia. It is additionally outstanding for its geometric block work – an improving component that is bizarre for Mughal-period mosques.

It was worked during the rule of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, who gave it to the city as a badge of gratitude, and is intensely impacted by Central Asian architecture – an impression of Shah Jahan’s battles near Samarkand shortly before the mosque was structured. The Shah Jahan Mosque’s building style is affected by Turkic and Persian styles.

The mosque is described by broad brickwork and the utilization of blue tiles, the two of which were legitimately impacted by Timurid architectural styles from Central Asia from where the past leaders of Sindh, the Tarkhans, had hailed before the area was attacked by the Mughals in 1592.

St. Patrick’s Cathedral

St. Patrick’s Cathedral is the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Karachi and is situated close to Empress Market in the Saddar locality in central Karachi. The congregation was finished in 1881 and can oblige 1,500 love.

At the front of the house of prayer is the Monument to Christ, the King, who worked somewhere in the range of 1926 and 1931 to remember the Jesuit crucial Sindh. The first church in Sindh, called St. Patrick’s Church, was based on the grounds of the cathedral in 1845 as a Carmelite mission at the expense of 6,000 rupees under the administration of Karachi’s first Carmelite minister, Father Casaboch.

As the Catholic populace of the city developed, the city’s Catholics fund-raised for development of another congregation. Noteworthy was done in 1878, and the group was blessed on 24 April 1881.


Mahabat Khan Mosque / Masjid

The Mahabat Khan Mosque, some of the time spelled Mohabbat Khan Mosque, is a seventeenth-century Mughal-period mosque in Peshawar, Pakistan. The mosque was worked in 1630, and named after the Mughal representative of Peshawar, Nawab Mahabat Khan receptacle Ali Mardan Khan, known then again as Mahabat Khan and Ali Mardan Khan.

The mosque’s white marble façade is viewed as one of Peshawar’s most famous sights. The mosque was worked somewhere in the range of 1660 and 1670, on what was the most noteworthy point in the old city. The minarets of the Mohabbat Khan Mosque were as often as possible utilized in Sikh times for hanging detainees.

Five individuals for every day were swung from the minarets, as a substitute for the gallows. Following the Soviet attack of Afghanistan, outcast inborn older folks would gather in the mosque to fashion solidarity among Afghans against the Soviets. The mosque is 30,155 square feet in size. Its open yard has a halfway found bathing pool and a separate column of rooms coating the outside dividers.


Darbar Mahal

Darbar Mahal is a palace in the city of Bahawalpur, Pakistan. The building was worked to hold elegant occasions and government workplaces of the former princely territory of Bahawalpur.

The castle was constructed by Bahawal Khan and at first, named Mubarak Mahal. It was finished in 1905 and is close to a few different royal residences inside the Bahawalpur Palace Complex, including the Nishat Mahal, Farrukh Mahal, and Gulzar Mahal. The beautiful home sits in a 75 section of the land garden.

The whole royal residence complex was rented to the military in 1966 and housed government and army workplaces. It isn’t available to the overall population. It is worked in a style which consolidates nearby, Arabic, and European influences. The outside has complicated carvings, fretwork, and plasterwork.

Each side of the structure includes a massive entranceway and jharoka balconies. The building’s third floor is a Mughal-style chattri roof with every one of its corners having an exceptionally adapted octagonal turret with Sikh-style vaults.

Omar Hayat Mahal

Omar Hayat Mahal also spelled Umer Hayat Mahal, and on the other hand, known as Gulzar Manzil is a mid-twentieth century wooden haveli mansion in Chiniot, Pakistan. The house was begun in 1923 and was finished by 1935.

The manor, initially 5-stories tall, was worked by Sheik Omar Hayat, a Chinioti representative who had made his fortune in Calcutta. The structure shows remarkable instances of Chiniot’s nearby carpentry style and has been depicted as a “trimming” of a structure under its richly enhanced interior.

The castle’s architecture is maybe the remainder of Mughal’s design style, or a Mughal Revival building (“recovery” structures understand an old engineering style by individuals of a later time).

One of a kind cutting cuts on the entryways, windows, and jharokha mirror their very own shade. The rooftops, galleries, flights of stairs, porch, and the plaster plans make an ideal inside. The veneer of the structure is embellished with a beautiful trim of blocks. The stunning sparkle of marble and pleasant shades assist it with positioning among the incredible castles of Mughal time proprietors.

Pakistan Army Museum

Pakistan Army Museum is an army museum located in Rawalpindi. It was opened on 24 October 1961 to preserve Pakistan Army’s past through relics and pictures and is probably the most important historical center of Pakistan.

A unique exhibition has been committed to the worldwide war on fear-based oppression and the Pakistan military’s enemy of psychological warfare tasks in the innate regions on Pakistan-Afghanistan outskirts.

The exhibition hall additionally contains uncommon bits of bygone era arms and outfits to portray a change of military powers. A portion of the surviving Sherman tanks is a piece of the historical center’s display. Pakistan Army Museum is situated in the British-period pioneer military enclosure of the Pakistan Army’s General Headquarters (GHQ) complex of structures.

About the Author: Aasil Ahmed

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