7 Top Best and Famous Political Parties in Pakistan

Published on Nov 16, 2023 by


There are 182 political parties enlisted with Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP), and there are 1200 competitors of these gatherings taking an interest in the Elections. Most acclaimed  political parties in Pakistan  are:

Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf: 

Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) Pakistan Movement for Justice is a centrist Pakistani political party and current decision party of Pakistan. PTI is a famous political party along with PML-N and PPP and biggest gathering regarding portrayal in National Assembly as of the 2018 Pakistani general political race.

With more than 10 million individuals in Pakistan and abroad, it professes to be Pakistan’s biggest gathering by essential enrollment and among the largest political parties in the world. Directly following its establishment in 1996, the crowd had restricted achievement, and Khan won a seat in the 2002 Pakistani general political race. The group boycotted the 2008 election accusing deceitful in technique.

In 2013 it developed as a significant gathering with over 7.5 million votes, making it second in the number of votes and third in the number of seats won. PTI prepared individuals in rallies over open misery on different issues and made considerable additions in the following decisions. In 2018, it got 16.9 million votes, the biggest for any political parties in Pakistan till at that point. It framed administration of Pakistan in alliance with five different gatherings for the first time with Imran Khan as an executive.

Starting in 2020, the group is in government at the general level and administers the territories of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Punjab. It is likewise a piece of the coalition government in Balochistan and goes about as the most significant resistance in Sindh. Officially, the party intends to make an Islamic welfare state and dismantling religious discrimination in Pakistan. The party terms itself an enemy of the status movement advocating egalitarian Islamic democracy.

It is the only non-dynastic party of standard Pakistani politics. The party has been censured by its political adversaries and experts for its disappointments to address different monetary and policy-driven issues and a debilitating economy. It has additionally confronted reaction for its crackdown on restriction and endeavours to control news sources and freedom of speech.

Most of PTI’s focal administration was chosen, Imran Khan and Shah Mehmood Qureshi were selected on March 20 2013. The Secretary data, Secretary Finance, Secretary Social Media, Secretary Political Training, and Secretary Policy Planning are named by the administrator and affirmed by the CEC. The Executive Committee comprises the Central Office carriers (above) and thirty-individuals to be selected by the director from among the individuals from the National Council. The choice Provincial Council was concluded on March 18, 2013, for a 4-year term by the different areas of every region as per following Punjab, Sindh, Balochistan & Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. 


Jamaat-e-Islami Islamic Congress” or just known as Jamaat, is an Islamic political party situated in Pakistan and the Pakistani replacement to Jamaat-e-Islami, which was established in colonial India in 1941. Its goal is the change of Pakistan into an Islamic state, administered by Sharia law, through a slow lawful, and political process. JI firmly opposes capitalism, communism, liberalism, socialism and secularism as well as monetary practices, for example, offering bank premium.

JI is a vanguard party whose individuals structure an elite with “members’ ‘ and afterwards “supporters” underneath them. The gathering head is called an ameer. Although it doesn’t have a huge mainstream following, the gathering is very persuasive and thought about one of the major Islamic developments in Pakistan, along with Deobandi and Barelvi (represented by Jamiat Ulema-e Islam and Jamiat Ulema-e-Pakistan respectively).

Jamaat-e-Islami was established in Lahore, British India in 1941 by the Muslim scholar and socio-political philosopher, Abul Ala Maududi, who was broadly affected by the Sharia-based rule of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. At the hour of the Indian freedom development, Maududi and the Jamaat-e-Islami effectively worked to oppose the parcel of India. In 1947, after the partition of India, the Jamaat split into two associations, Jamaat-e-Islami Pakistan and Jamaat-e-Islami Hind (the Indian wing).

Other wings of Jamaat include Jamaat-e-Islami Kashmir, established in 1953, and Bangladesh Jamaat-e-Islami, established in 1975. Jamaat-e-Islami Pakistan went under extreme government suppression in 1948, 1953, and 1963 But, during the early long periods of the system of General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, it filled in as the “system’s philosophical and political arm”, with party individuals holding bureau arrangement of data and broadcasting, creation, and water, force and characteristic assets. 

Pakistan Muslim League – N: 

The Pakistani Muslim League (Nawaz) ( PML-N) is a centre-right conservative party in Pakistan. It was established by former Prime Minister of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif in 1993. The party’s platform is generally traditional, which includes supporting free-market free enterprise. Nonetheless, lately, the gathering’s political belief system and stage have moved more towards liberalism.

One of several proceeding factions of the original Muslim League, the seeds of the gathering were planted after the 1985 Elections when the Prime Minister of Pakistan Muhammad Khan Junejo organized the supporters of President Zia-ul-Haq’s dictatorship into a solitary gathering, known as the Pakistan Muslim League. After President Zia died in 1988, under the administration of Fida Mohammad Khan, a huge group split away from the Junejo-led Pakistan Muslim League.

It framed a conservative alliance with various right-wing and Islamist political parties, called the Islamic Democratic Alliance. The partnership started an administration in 1990 under the initiative of Nawaz Sharif. In 1993, the cooperation broke down, and the gathering accepted its present shape, marking itself as the “Nawaz” group of the Pakistan Muslim League after its like, as opposed to the “Junejo” group. 

Since its establishment by General Zia ul Haq, PML-N, alongside the People’s Party, hosts overwhelmed the two-get-together political arrangement of Pakistan. However, after 1999 upset, the gathering was obscured by its splinter group, the Musharraf -backed Pakistan Muslim League (Quaid), for right around ten years.

PML-N recaptured ubiquity in the 2008 general races when it was chosen as the important resistance. It came back to control following the elections of 2013, with Sharif elected as the Prime Minister for a remarkable third term.

The gathering’s fortress is the Punjab province where it has shaped a commonplace government multiple times since 1985, threefold under Sharif’s brother, Shehbaz Sharif. Starting in 2020, it is the primary resistance in Parliament and is driven by Shehbaz Sharif. 

Pakistan Peoples Party: 

The Pakistan Peoples Party ( PPP) is a centre-left, social-democratic and famous political party of Pakistan. Partnered with the Socialist International the PPP’s expressed needs incorporate promoting social justice and a strong national defence. Since its establishment in 1967, it has been a significant and compelling political left-wing and socialist force in the nation and the gathering’s administration has been overwhelmed by the individuals from the Bhutto family. Its focus of intensity lies in the southern area of Sindh.

Since its development in 1967, the PPP has been voted into power on five separate events (1970, 1977, 1988, 1993 and 2008). It commanded the politics of Pakistan during the 1970s, enduring a brief decrease during the military dictatorship of Zia-ul-Haq. After the re-foundation of popular government in 1988 after Zia’s demise, a two-party framework created, with the PPP and the Islami Jamhoori Ittihad, later prevailing by the Pakistan Muslim League (N), as the two significant sides.

The gathering filled in as the primary resistance to the Pervez Musharraf-led social-liberal government from 1999 to 2008. Until the exclusion of Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gillani by the Supreme Court in 2012, the PPP was viewed as the most influential ideological group in the nation. During the 2013 general political decision, it developed as the administering party of Sindh and the largest opposition party in the National Assembly.

The Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) was propelled at its establishing show held in Lahore on November 30 and December 1, 1967. At the equivalent meeting, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto was chosen as its administrator. Among the communicated objectives of the gathering were the foundation of a “populist majority rules system” and the “utilization of communist plans to acknowledge financial and social equity”. A more prompt undertaking was the battle against the autocracy of General Ayub Khan, who was at the height of his capacity when the PPP was framed. 

Pakistan Awami Tehreek: 

The Pakistan Awami Tehreek commonly known as PAT (Pakistan People’s Movement) is an ideological group in Pakistan, established by Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri, participated when all is said in done races in 1990 and 2002. Pakistan Awami Tehreek introduced a point by point 186-page pronouncement by the name of ‘putting individuals first’, which sketched out seven needs:

  •  Education 
  • Economy 
  • Poverty 
  • Health 
  • Justice 
  • Peace 
  • Technology 

Additionally, useful game-plan was explained to rejuvenate 32 branches of the country.PAT boss Dr Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri declared the foundation of PAT on May 25, 1989, of every an open gathering at Mochi Gate, Lahore.

From 1989 to 1993, Qadri consistently functioned as a restriction chief and attempted to show the administration’s slip-ups and to recommend ways for improving the circumstance in the political, instructive, and practical fields. In 1991, PAT and Tehrik-e-Nifaz-e-Fiqh-e-Jafria (Moosavi Faction) marked a ‘Dispatch of Unity’ to advance social and strict agreement.

In another move, PAT without precedent for the political history of Pakistan presented the thought of “working relationship” between the three public political powers, PAT, TNFJ and Tehreek-e-Istaqlal. 

Awami National Party: 

The Awami National Party ANP is a famous and leftist Pashtun nationalist political party in Pakistan. Abdul Wali Khan established the party in 1986, and its present president is Asfandyar Wali Khan, grandson of Bacha Khan, with Mian Iftikhar Hussain serving as the Secretary-General.

Part of the PPP-led cabinet of the Pakistani government during 2008−13, the ANP’s political position is considered left-wing, pushing for secularism, democratic socialism, public sector government, and economic egalitarianism.ANP was the largest Pashtun nationalist party in Pakistan between 2008−2013 with impact lying in the Pashtun overwhelmed territories in and around Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa. They administered the region from 2008-2013 yet lost to Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf in the get-together appointment of 2013.

The Awami National Party (Awami signifies “people’s”), which relies upon ethnic Pashtuns (Pukhtuns) of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (formerly NWFP) and northern Balochistan as its political base, was framed in 1986 by the merger of a few remaining inclining parties including the Awami Tehrik and the National Democratic Party. The National Democratic Party merged with a few other progressive political and patriot gatherings to frame the Awami National Party.

Wali Khan, the powerful Pashtun and Soviet-supported pioneer, was chosen as its first president and Sindhi socialist Rasul Bux Palejo was selected as its first secretary-general. From 1986 to 1988, the ANP party was an individual from the Movement for Restoration of Democracy. The party upholds a peaceful way to deal with handling extremism. It promotes democratic socialism, secularism, economic populism, and Pashtun patriotism.

The gathering has thick help among the Pashtun populace in the nation. Since 2000, its liberal socialism and favourable to Pashtun theory has become the necessary piece of the gathering, pushing for territorial independence and expanded Pashtun social articulation. A regular alliance accomplice in commonplace legislative issues, it was directed in the 2002 races as a result of its restriction to the Taliban and backing for the NATO-backed Karzai administration in neighbouring Afghanistan. 

Pak Sarzameen Party (PSP): 

Pak Sarzameen Party is a Pakistani political party founded by Syed Mustafa Kamal (former civic chairman of Karachi) and Anis Kaimkhani on March 23 2016. The account secretary of Pak Sarzameen Party is Humayun Usman. The party was established on March 3 2016.

Syed Mustafa Kamal conducted a press conference with Anis Kaimkhani party president after they flew back into Karachi from Dubai earlier that day. He declared his new ideological group without uncovering the original name of the party. Later the gathering was joined by former MQM members Raza Haroon, Dr Sagheer Ahmed Waseem Aftab Advocate Anis Ahmed Khan Iftikhar Alamand numerous other MNA’s and MPA’s. Syed Mustafa Kamal and Anis Kaimkhani founded the gathering on March 23, 2016, at a press conference in Clifton, Karachi which was additionally gone to by its other members.

The party is as of now drove by Syed Mustafa Kamal along with different members Anis Kaimkhani (party president), Raza Haroon (secretary-general of the gathering), Dr Sagheer Ahmed (senior bad habit chairman), Iftikhar Akbar Randhawa (Vice-Chairman), Anees Khan Advocate and Iftikhar Alam (party representative). They all were previous individuals of MQM.

MQM has additionally charged the gathering for working under the support of Sindh Rangers in request to undermine MQM labourers to join PSP or face arrest.

PSP’s founder Mustafa Kamal has expressed that he has recouped MQM’s missing people however MQM claims that paramilitary powers of Sindh Rangers captured those missing people. The political race declaration of PSP handles various issues yet lays the most grounded accentuation on nearby engaging bodies to manufacture a participatory type of majority rules system. 

  • Governance 
  • Economy 
  • Energy 
  • Agriculture and Food 
  • Water 
  • Education 
  • Health 
  • Terrorism 
  • Research and Transport 
  • Overseas Pakistan 
  • Police and Justice 
  • Environment and Culture

About the Author: Alishba Rajput

Alishba Rajput is a content writer specializing in various niches. With a passion for storytelling, Alishba captivates readers with her engaging articles. Her dedication to delivering high-quality and informative content has earned her a reputable standing in the industry. Alishba's proficiency in crafting compelling narratives sets her apart as a skilled writer.

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