Global emissions of toxic greenhouse gases are expected to fall by about 8% this year as a result of lockdowns and other closures caused by the new novel Coronavirus, the largest reduction in history.
According to a new report released by the International Energy Agency, the use of conventional fuels has resulted in "unprecedented" reductions as a result of lockdowns to prevent the coronavirus worldwide.
However, experts say that this reduction does not mean a reduction in the problem of climate change, because when the virus breaks down and countries resume economic activity, emissions of these toxic gases will increase again. This will be possible when governments step up their efforts towards transparent energy.
"The historic reduction in greenhouse gas emissions is the result of an epidemic," said Faith Barroll, executive director of the International Energy Agency.
That is, people are dying and countries are experiencing economic shocks. In fact, a steady reduction in greenhouse gas emissions is possible not with a painful lockdown but with the right energy and climate policies. ”
At present, around 4 billion people worldwide are confined to their homes and economic activities are almost non-existent.
According to the International Energy Agency, in mid-April, fuel consumption in many countries was 17 to 25 percent lower than in the same period last year due to factory closures, non-availability of offices, and suspension of flights.
According to the agency, several governments are now in the process of easing the ban, which has already taken place in China, while some states are set to open businesses in the United States.
However, global carbon dioxide emissions this year are expected to be 2.6 billion tonnes, down 8% from 2019.
In fact, 2010 was the last year when such a large amount of toxic gases was emitted.
And the decline as a result of the coronavirus is six times greater than in the 2009 economic crisis, which was not the case in World War II.
That is, if countries are subject to lockdowns or other sanctions longer than expected, the reduction in toxic gas emissions will be greatly reduced, while the rate of reduction will be reduced if the virus is controlled more quickly.
The report added that in the past, as economic activity intensified after the 2009 economic crisis, emissions of toxic gases had also risen sharply.
The first lockdown in late February was thought to have had an impact on China's air pollution, and satellite images showed how dramatically reduced nitrogen oxide emissions in China.
Which is a gas emitted from vehicles which in large quantities in the atmosphere is harmful to health?