Homeschooling or home education is a form of education, provided to the students while staying at home or any other place but a proper educational institution. The reason behind homeschooling can be multiple, from living in a remote area with lesser facilities to make them stay away from negative school environments.
There are many ways of homeschooling a child. The three of them being are; through the parents themselves, by a tutor, or through online classes. The only advantage being taught by parents is that the timings for studying can be flexible.
The roots of homeschooling go back to the 1970s when a famous educational theorist named John Holt started the debate of schools creating a submissive and negative environment for the students, which creates hindrance in their learning and growth opportunities.
Then another movement started by one of his friends Raymond Moore, who put forward his theory that till the age of eight or nine a child should be taught at home for a better and healthy psychological, moral and educational foundation.
Mutual consent was settled and the children who were homeschooled were governed by the public schools. During the 1980s the anti-school movement started by some strict Christians stating the schools as “Satanic Hothouses” and therefore denied any governance from the public schools because they considered them evil.
For many years homeschooling was seen purely religious as the children who were homeschooled were made to focus on religion more. Now in the 21st century homeschooled has been widely accepted by almost all of the states and countries.
The stats for homeschooled kids in the east are much less than those of the west. One of the main reasons is that the parents tend to go by the conventional way of learning irrespective of the likeness of the student.
Another reason is that mental bullying is not taken as seriously in a country like Pakistan as it does in a country like America, where the parents are willing to homeschool their children just because they don’t want them to be psychologically affected by any bullying.
There are apparently seven basic methods of homeschooling, which every parent should go through before homeschooling their child. These are Classical, Charlotte Mason, Montessori, Unschooling, School-at-home, Unit studies, and eclectic education methods. All these methods are different from one another and have their advantages and disadvantages as well.
The classical method establishes its methods from ancient Greek and Romans. It is one of the widely accepted methods of homeschooling. It also finds its roots going back to the biblical models and the old testaments, drawing the teaching methods from the Hebrews. Typical classical homeschooling requires Great Books and Applied Trivium.
The classical method is a well-proven style as it has been used over the course of a thousand years. It is also helpful as by reading the Great Books, students can actually get to know about the most influential people in history and learn much from them. The subjects are taught in chronological order so that students can equip the consequences of different ideas developed over different times. This method divides facts and data in grammar school, logic, and critical thinking in middle school and rhetoric and self-expression in high school.
This method requires short periods of studying. It has 15 to 20 minutes maximum for elementary students, and 45 minutes for high schoolers. It just doesn’t focus on books but nature also. The breaks are accompanied by the short nature walks or nature portfolios, sometimes nature journals too. It focuses primarily on the observation of the students. This method brings out the creative part of students to the world and thus helps them develop their own ideas through reading. It is low coast which is suitable for most of the parents.
It is a method of early 20th century developed by a psychologist. This method has a humanistic approach that utilizes free unstructured time and also interest-based individualized learning plans. The teachers don’t make direct contact with the students rather ask them questions through other things such as toys, etc. This helps students who have difficulty in communicating. This method has lots of benefits such as; it is highly adaptable and is very creative. It also is very friendly as the teacher pays special attention to every student.
This method allows a student to be unconventional and individualistic but with high experiential and activity-based projects. A student may learn about arithmetic and sciences with advanced technology in this method. It is a systematic and rigorous way of teaching the students but without any conventional testing or evaluation. It is highly adaptable and loose structured. It also helps a student have less anxiety as it doesn’t cater to the conventional testing method.
This method is the polar opposite of Unschooling because it requires a complete curriculum for the students from a public school, but is implemented at home. It can be done through the parents but most of the time it is monitored by a home tutor or online classes as it has the same curriculum as the public school in the region. It is conventional but it also has a vast variety to teach the students. Each grade has different course outlines that develop vast thinking in students and help them learn and grow more.
This method suggests thematically related learning. It is multisensory learning in which each theme is specific to an idea. It helps the parents and teachers to teach the students those subjects that they find boring and difficult with ease. This method is suitable for the parents as the students get to learn in a new way and not the same conventional way.
This is one of the most popular homeschooling ideas as it has nothing to do with the curriculum or the conventional ideas about studying. This method allows a student to study different subjects rather than sticking to one strict curriculum.
This method is easy and preferred because you may try a classroom environment for a week followed by nature walks and portfolios the other. It doesn’t stick to one strict method and is thus favored by the students themselves as they get to learn with a variety. It is flexible and resourceful as well.