In the Chinese city of Wuhan, which has spread to various countries around the world about the 2019 Novel Coronavirus, scientists have recently shown the idea that it passed from bats to another animal and then transmitted to humans.
The idea is now supported in a series of research reports published in the journal Medical Nature.
Research reports suggest that the new Coronavirus spread in China looks similar to the SARS virus that emerged in the 2000s and that both share 80% of the genetic code and both of these went beyond bats.
The first study was led by experts from the Wuhan Institute of Virology, in which virus samples were obtained from 7 patients with severe pneumonia cases.
Six of them worked in Wuhan's Sea Food Market, which is believed to have spread from December to December.
Seventy-five per cent of these patients were almost identical, and their genetic sequelae were similar to 79.5% of SARS.
Scientists involved in the study also discovered that the nasal coronavirus was similar to other coronaviruses transmitted to Chinese bats and matched 95% of the genetic code.
After analyzing seven virus samples, they proved that SARS and the new coronavirus make up the same receptor in the lung, ACE2, and therefore cause similar symptoms in patients.
In another study, the Fudan University of Shanghai and the Chinese Center for Disease and Prevention examined a 41-year-old patient at Wu's C-Food Market who came to Wuhan Hospital December 26 with symptoms of respiratory disease and fever.
An analysis of the virus in this person showed that it was found to be up to 89 percent similar to viruses such as coronas.
Since SARS and the 2019 nasal coronavirus enter the human cell in a similar way, scientists involved in these research reports say that the possible treatment for SARS may be useful for the new coronavirus as well.
There is no specific cure or vaccine for SARS or the new Coronavirus, but scientists have long been working on drugs and pre-clinical vaccines for SARS and could potentially work on this new virus.
However, it is currently a mere idea and remains to be confirmed.
Although both investigative reports have not been able to ascertain which animal worked to transmit the new coronavirus to humans, the first research has provided some clues.
Researchers say that this receptor is present in bats, pigs and musk blasts as it makes its way into the new coronavirus ACE2 receptor.
This information and the coronaviruses contained in other bats indicate that these 3 organisms may be temporary hosts to transmit them to humans.
However, it is possible to confirm this when collecting DNA samples of animals sold in this market and bats in the area.
So far, the virus has resulted in more than 420 deaths and more than 20,000 deaths.