Bridges are very important to make connections between two cities or two countries. as well as they enhance the beauty of that area. There are many beautiful famous bridges in Pakistan, let's look at their location, names and history.
The Lansdowne Bridge is a nineteenth-century connection that ranges the Indus River between the urban communities of Sukkur and Rohri, in the Sindh province of Pakistan. When finished in 1889, the scaffold was the "longest rigid girder bridge in the world." The Ayub Bridge was assembled quickly neighbouring the extension in 1962; photos of the Lansdowne Bridge generally show the Ayub Bridge.
Sir Alexander Meadows Rendel planned it; he designed the Lansdowne Bridge Rohri at Sukkur over the Indus River. When it was finished in 1889, it was the biggest cantilever connection on the planet. The brace work, gauging a monstrous 3,300 tons, was made in London by the firm of Westwood, Baillie, and raised by F.E. Robertson and Hecquet. Upon finish, the extension considered more straightforward rail access between Punjab and Karachi. Indus was connected at Attock in 1887, and that permitted Railways in India to run from the Westernmost post of Khyber Pass toward the eastern city of Calcutta.
India's rail connection to Karachi's port was, nonetheless, actually broken at the Indus streaming between Rohri and Sukkur's towns. Indus was not crossed over between Kotri and Hyderabad, either in this manner. Trains ran on the Karachi-Jamshoro-Larkana-Sukkur route as ahead of schedule as 1879. Afterwards, they were carried across to Rohri and the other way around on a stream ship. At Sukkur, the stream Indus moves through a hole in the scope of low limestone slopes and gets separated into two channels (Sukkur and Rohri channels) by an island called Bukkur.
Bukkur Island consequently gives the best spot to a stream crossing. Crossing over the canal between Bukkur and Rohri was not all that simple. The waterway bed here isn't rough yet silty, making it hard to assemble a scaffold dock. Consequently, connect plans were advanced to manufacture a scaffold without a column. One such project was for a curved staging; however, it was not considered during the 1870s. Later on, in 1962, the stream was crossed over utilizing a fundamentally the same as the plan that came to be known as the Ayub curve.
Ayub Bridge, named after Field Marshal Mohammad Ayub Khan (President of Pakistan), is a railroad connected over the Indus river between Rohri and Sukkur in Sindh province, Pakistan. The extension is around 806 feet in length, 247 feet high, and costs Rs21.6 million. Ayub Bridge can be pronounced as one of the prides of Sukkur.
It has served the city for a long time by giving a reliable connection to rail traffic between Sukkur and Rohri. Before this, Lansdowne Bridge was the railroad interface among Sukkur and Rohri. The establishment stone of this steel curve connects laid on December 9, 1960, and initiated by President Muhammad Ayub Khan on May 6, 1962. The counselling engineer was David B. Steinman. The Ayub Bridge turned into the world's third most extended railroad curve range, and the main rail line connects on the planet to be thrown on curled wire rope suspenders. Before the extensions, the vehicle among Sukkur and Rohri was by vessels and liners.
Boatman Mir Mohammad assumed that Miroo reviewed how his dad Yar Mohammad used to run a little assistance among Sukkur and Rohri until the mid-sixties. "Not many individuals had vehicles or bikes around then, and hence speedboats were the main method of correspondence." Some individuals used to cross the River Indus by Lansdowne Bridge on the bike.
The train used to run in the scaffold's focal point, and people on foot and cyclists utilized the wooden walkways at the two sides. The toll for a solitary grown-up traveller was one anna (0.06 PKR) some time ago. They charged half for a youngster. Development of Ayub Bridge began on November 26, 1959, and its establishment stone was laid on December 9, 1960, by the then clergyman of railroads and correspondence, Khan FM Khan, Khan of Shewa.
The extension's contractual worker was M/S Dorman Long Gammon of London, famous for Sydney Harbor Bridge in 1932. The counselling engineer was DB Steinman of New York, who reproduced the celebrated Brooklyn Bridge in New York. Field Marshal Mohammad Ayub Khan introduced the extension on Sunday, May 6, 1962.
Attock Bridge is arranged between Attock Khurd and Khairabad Kund on the Indus river in Pakistan. It is usually known as "Old Attock Bridge." This scaffold is one of the most significant vital and business crossing on the Indus River between Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa provinces, subsequently was heavily fortified. It was initially planned by Sir Guildford Molesworth and was opened to traffic on May 24, 1883. The expense of development was more than Rs 3.2 million.
The structure was upgraded by Sir Francis Callaghan and was remade in 1929 at Rs 2.5 million. The extension has two levels and five ranges. Three ranges are 257 feet in length, and two are 312 feet in length. The upper level is used for railroad traffic, and the lower level was utilized for street traffic. The ways to deal with the scaffold were worked as strong fortresses to protect against strikes from nearby Pashtun tribesmen. This extension was a piece of the famous Grand Trunk Road. In 1979 another wing was developed, and street traffic was moved there. This new scaffold is known as "New Attock Bridge. Attock Bridge is as yet being used for railroad traffic.
The Malir River Bridge is to date, Pakistan's most immense extension which traverses 5,000 meters (16,000 ft). This scaffold was introduced by Governor of Sindh Dr Ishrat ul Ibad on Wednesday, February 4, 2009. The platform's expense is PKR 1.2 billion or USD 14 million, subsidized by the Government of Pakistan. The connect has abbreviated the separation by 28 kilometres (17 mi) for Korangi, Landhi, and Shah Faisal towns' occupants. To empower development, 42 houses were wrecked, and the legislature repaid the proprietors.
Chiniot Bridge is a reliably made extension situated in the Chiniot passing over the Chenab River. It is around 520 meters long and 17.8 meters wide. It is a two-path connection with 26 ranges of 40 meters each. It is situated at 4.6 km from Khatm-e-Nabuwat Chowk and 3.3 km from Railway Station.
The Jhelum Bridge is arranged between Jhelum and Sarai Alamgir on Jhelum River in Pakistan. This scaffold was underlying in 1878 by the British specialist William St. John Galwey. It is made out of iron supports over many concrete docks. It has a single railroad track and a street on one side of the way. This extension is as yet utilized by railroad and street traffic. It is the Longest Railway Bridge of Pakistan, spreading over a length of 2.6 miles (4.225 km).
Kotri Bridge is arranged between Kotri and Hyderabad on the Indus river in Pakistan. It was opened to traffic on May 25, 1900, and was remade in 1931. It extends more than five ranges, and the absolute length of the extension is 1,948 feet. It has a single railroad track and streets on either side of the railroad track. In the mid-eighties, another railroad connection was developed for railroad traffic next to the old extension. It is known as Mehran Railway Bridge. Kotri Bridge is as yet being used for the one-way railroad and two-way street traffic.
The Jhelum Bridge is arranged between Jhelum and Sarai Alamgir on Jhelum River in Pakistan. This extension was underlying in 1878 by the British designer William St. John Galwey. It is made out of iron supports over many concrete wharves. It has a single railroad track and a street on one side of the way. This extension is as yet utilized by railroad and street traffic. It is the Longest Railway Bridge of Pakistan spreading over a length of 2.6 miles.
Native Jetty Bridge is found in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. It associates the city with the Port of Karachi. The advanced port began its activities in 1854 during the British Raj when a mole was developed to interface the town to the harbour. Following barely any years, Native Jetty Bridge was worked with other significant scaffolds in the area. Due to increased traffic blockage, another more extensive stand was built and supplanted the outdated one. Today, the old extension has been changed over to a Food Street and named Port Grand Food and Entertainment Complex.
The Danyore Suspension Bridge is in the Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan and is one of the most seasoned improvised engineered overpasses in the district. The scaffold associates Danyor to the premises of the Karakoram University across the River Hunza. At present, the extension is shut for vehicles; just people on foot and motorcyclists are permitted to go through.
Winds originating from northwest of the valley set the suspension bridge to swing, inciting minute resonances, it is announced perilous for ordinary traffic. In 2013 a reliable two-way extension was developed close to it that is being utilized as another option.
Tremor Memorial Bridge is a 474-meter long extradosed bridge in Muzaffarabad connecting Naluchi and Chattar to Jhelum River banks. The scaffold, costing over Rs. 1.5 billion was financed by Japan Bank for International Cooperation and was finished in August 2014 after meeting delays. It highlights two paths and walkways on either side. The scaffold is 15 meters wide altogether.
Rathoa Haryam Bridge, Mirpur, otherwise called the Islamgarh Bridge, is a long extension under development in the Mirpur District of Azad Jammu Kashmir in Pakistan. AZAD JAMMU and KASHMIR Rathoa Haryam Bridge: Length 5 km Long. Specialists have said that 5 kilometres in length, the extension between New Mirpur City and Islamgarh. The extension won't just diminish the street connection between Mirpur city and Islamgarh town to an uncommon level.
However, it will likewise decrease voyaging time for suburbanites between the locale base camp of Mirpur and Kotli, just as between Mirpur and Dadayal sub-division. The scaffold will likewise open new vistas to advance the travel industry in the district, the source included. Kashmir's Longest Bridge in Mirpur Pakistan is presently approaching culmination (June-2017) with the last two columns left. This is a reproduced plan of how the previous extension will resemble.
The Haryam Rathoa Bridge is over 5 km Long and Spans the Mangla Dam reservoir in Azad Kashmir and has an engineered overpass. The extension didn't finish because the ground isn't appropriate for columns, and as yet, trusting that architects will make the new arrangement to complete the scaffold might require some investment.
Bunji Bridge (or Partab Pul) is a suspension bridge on the Indus River near Bunji, a town in the Astore District of Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan. It was first introduced in the nineteenth century by the Maharaja Pratap Singh's administration of the regal state of Jammu and Kashmir. Its wooden braces were torched during the 1947 Gilgit Rebellion and along these lines fixed. It fell into neglect and disregard in ongoing decades. The late established Government of Gilgit-Baltistan reestablished it in 2012 after the 2010 Indus floods featured its worth. The scaffold is said to fill in as an essential connection between Gilgit's town and the Astore District areas.
It is based on the Soan River at Islamabad Highway. Soan River is a significant stream of the Potohar region of Pakistan. It depletes a substantial part of the water of Potohar. Prominent places close to Kak Pul are Sihala town, the area of National Police Academy of Pakistan, and Pakistan's most famous police trade school. Different places close to Kak Pul are the Defence Housing Authority, Islamabad, Institute of Space Technology, Islamabad, Mohammad Ali Jinnah University campus, and Model Town Humak, a suburb town Islamabad, Pakistan, began in 1984.