Doctor Sir Allamah Muhammad Iqbal, born in Sialkot, November 9, 1877 - died in Lahore, April 21, 1938, was a Pakistani academic, poet, barrister, philosopher, politician, and columnist.
Whose poetry stands out among the most important in the Persian language and Urdu of modern times. He is also famous for his work on the political and religious philosophy of Islam. He is credited with proposing the idea of an independent state for Muslim Indians, which was to inspire Pakistan's creation. It is commonly referred to as Allama Iqbal, where Allama means scholar.
After studying in England and Germany, Iqbal devoted himself to law, but devoted himself mainly to religious and philosophical subjects, writing academic papers on politics, economics, history, philosophy, and religion. He is best known for his poetic work, which includes "The Secrets of the Self (اسرار خودی)," for which he was honored as a Knight of the British Government, The Mysteries of Selflessness (Rumuz-e-Bekhudi), and The Call of the Marching Bell (Bang-i-Dara). Iqbal was also the author of several political, philosophical, and historical comments. He is officially recognized as the national poet from Pakistan.
Iqbal fervently proposed the political and spiritual revival of Islamic civilization throughout the world, especially in India. Iqbal gave a series of famous lectures on this topic published under the title The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam. As one of the most prominent members of the Muslim League, Iqbal promoted the creation of a northwestern Indian state for Muslim Indians in a presidential address in 1930.
Allama Iqbal worked closely with Muhammad Ali Jinnah, considered the father of the nation Pakistani. Muhammad Iqbal has also been called Mufakkir-e-Pakistan ("The Thinker of Pakistan"), Shair-e-Mashriq ("The Poet of the East"), and Hakeem-ul-Ummat ("The Sage of Umma").